We are sharing Important English Essays for class 10th on various essential topics to help the students to improve their writing skills and vocabulary and enhance their brainstorming power to write on various issues and topics promptly. We have also shared Essay Writing Topics in English to help the students.
Essay writing is a very important topic for both CBSE and ICSE students to boost their brainstorming power and give them a flair for writing skills so that students can get a better chance to write and voice out on various issues at times. We also provide essays in English on various topics like the Rural upliftment program in India, Man, and Environment, Brain Drain, etc.
English Essays For Class 10th: RURAL UPLIFT PROGRAMME IN INDIA
In free India, rural uplift programs were initiated in the year 1952 under the community development program. These were aimed at changing the face of the countryside and building a new outlook among the village folk. Under the Five-Year Plans, a high priority is being given to these programs. Much is yet to be done as most people live in villages. However, a new awakening is growing among the people living in villages.
The goals of the community development program are pretty ambitious. With the advent of scientific methods of agriculture, increased production of wheat, rice, barley, cotton, and other crops has been achieved, and efforts go unabated in this direction. Cottage industries are the backbone of village wage-earners.
A substantial increase in the production of cottage goods based on agro, marine, and natural products or bio-products has generated employment in the rural sector. Co-operative credit societies have sprung up to cope with the increasing demand for capital by small farmers and workers engaged in cottage industries.
Besides this, efforts continue to execute works of common benefit for the village community, such as village roads, tanks, gas plants, technical know-how centers, and adult education units in the rural sector. An increase in agricultural production, rural industrialization, and a change in the outlook of the rural people are thus the outstanding features of the village uplift programs.
The community development program has shown excellent results during the Five Year Plans. Village link roads, rural water supply, sanitation, electrification, and mass education are the areas where much work has already been done. Radio and Television are today as ordinary in rural areas as in towns and cities.
Schools, colleges, and technical institutes are now open in rural and semi-rural areas. There is a spate of tractors, harvesters, and tubewells in villages. Improved seeds and fertilizers are made available to farmers near their homes. Minor irrigation schemes are coming up, and the village industries are booming.
Primary health centers and veterinary health care units are roaring with improved life and livestock. A new awakening has now dawned upon village people heading for a bold advance in the new set-up. Village boys and girls are now teeming with the latest information on various topics touching on science, politics, and life itself.
An essential aspect of community development is the Panchayati Raj has been introduced in all the provinces. The panchayat system has been thought necessary to decentralize and democratize community development administration. The system envisages a far-reaching change in the structure of local administration and rural development.
Its chief purpose is to involve all the people living in rural areas to work for their own development and betterment. This mini-government will now look after rural water supply, irrigation facilities, housing programs, consolidation of holdings, roads, schools, and health centers. In this new set-up, women are more than ever before, occupying
exalted positions in these Panchayats.
Banks have also been pressed into service to help entrepreneurs from
villages to start new projects and generate job opportunities in the
countryside. Banks are advancing vast sums of money at low-interest rates to
the rural folk to set up industries by planting seeds and machinery to increase production and launch various development projects.
Because of this massive program launched under different names by different financial institutions, the face of the Indian villages is quickly changing. The government of the day appears to be alive to its duties towards the vast rural population in the country. India, it has been rightly saying, lives not in its towns but in its villages. Therefore, the village uplift program is being taken up as the top priority.
That is why that plans are always afoot to see that the farmer gets a
proper price for his produce and all the inputs required by him are made available
to him at a subsidized price.
The village uplift program is poised for a bold advance. Much, however, remains to be done. Prosperity has, no doubt, percolated to villages. But the landless agricultural laborers are still a neglected lot. Red tape and unscrupulous and dishonest officers are blocking the roads to the prosperity of villages.
Dirty politics has also crept into the fabric of village life. Vices like drinking, gambling, and litigation still play havoc with the lives of the people in villages. It is time that village people recognized their new role in the new set-up and managed their affairs. Rural employment, health, education, sanitation, cooperative farming, storage of wheat and rice, and an increase in agriculture and industrial production are the areas that still demand their attention. Let us hope that villages in India regain their old glory, health, and prosperity.
English Essays For Class 10th: Man and Environment
“Certainly, this is a duty, not a sin
Cleanliness is next to godliness.”
The problem of air, noise, and water pollution assumes serious proportions. Increasing industrialization is playing havoc on the environment. Industrial waste, smoke, and other gases are polluting the air in a big way. Apart from industries, traffic density also contributes to air pollution.
The emission of smoke and toxic chemicals has been raising the level of sulfur dioxide in the atmosphere. The permissible limits of noise pollution have been exceeded in the cities of Kolkata, Delhi, and Mumbai. Air pollution is responsible for respiratory ailments, T.B., skin allergy, eye ailments, cancer, and mental retardation in children. The proliferation of chemical industries has accentuated the problem. There are even more dangerous chemicals in use in the country than the MIC of the Union Carbide factory at Bhopal.
River waters have been mainly polluted because of the discharge of
untreated industrial wastes, municipal sullage, and drainage of pesticides and
fertilizers. All these have adversely affected their self-purifying mechanism by
destroying their natural aquatic species.
Exhaust from automobiles is a significant source of air pollution. Many vehicles emit three to four percent of carbon monoxide, which is dangerous to health. An increase of chemicals in the atmosphere causes acid rains hundreds of miles away. These rains damage the soil and destroy vegetation and aquatic species in rivers and seas. They also corrode buildings.
The thin layer of ozone in the atmosphere is a form of life-sustaining system. It cuts out ultra-violet rays and allows the heat-generating infrared rays to reach the earth. But due to industrialization and consequent pollution, the ozone layer’s depletion rate is large. Its inability to absorb ultra-violet rays may lead to the “greenhouse” effect and widespread cancer incidence.
Marine pollution is yet another problem caused by the discharge of sewage and harbor waste in coastal waters. Oil pollution arises from tanker accidents, refinery effluents, and oil pipelines. This results in the destruction of marine life and threatens our ecosystem.
Nuclear pollution threatens life more than any other pollution today. Accidents can happen in nuclear plants, and when these happen, they can be catastrophic for large sections of the people. Nuclear radiation endangers the entire life-support system — plants, vegetation, animals, water, air, and human health.
Apart from all these pollutions, outer space pollution creates a severe threat to the globe. Space debris has become a reality because of the litter and garbage of thousands of space objects, dead satellites, spent rockets, motors, nuts, and bolts.
The release of gases by rockets has adverse effects. Re-entry of large objects into the atmosphere may also affect radio communication. Thus the ultimate victim of every kind of pollution, directly or indirectly, is man himself. Humanity today stands puzzled. A disaster threatens mankind shortly.
Air may become unfit for breathing in just a hundred years, while water may become unfit for human consumption. Scientists today are busy finding ways and means to fight this terrible pollution hazard but have
not so far succeeded in their mission.
In the recent past, the Supreme Court of India has noted increasing pollution in the country. Several judgments announced by The court had directed the people to see that pollution of air and water is avoided as far as possible. Vehicles of all types have been required to conform to certain fixed norms regarding the gases added to the air.
Similarly, factories and other commercial units have also been asked to stick to the government’s anti-pollution norms. Local bodies have been asked to use better hygienic conditions. All these steps are likely to go a long way in fighting the menace of pollution, but a lot remains to be done.
English Essays For Class 10th: Brain Drain
Brain Drain is an oft-heard expression used in India. This refers to exporting or going from India’s Indian brains to foreign countries. We term it a drain of the brains because it is believed that, with the going out of these best brains, we, as a country, are at a loss. With our best brains working for other countries, we are left only with mediocre and lesser brains to work and develop with.
At the outset, let us analyze why there is so much of this exodus of brains from India
and, without making much of a hullabaloo about the brains, try to check the drain.
It is, however, a matter of pride for all of us Indians to realize that the world has, as
of today, recognized the Indian brain among the best brains in the world. This is
why foreign countries encourage importing the Indian brain.
On the other hand, our brains are also happy to go out because they get a congenial working atmosphere out there. There, in foreign lands, there is an appreciation of good work, and the work environment is friendly, unlike the prevailing conditions in India.
Besides this, the handsome pay packets are no match to the slim counterpart of a paid return here in India. With this situation in which the Indian brains and the foreign countries find the business lucrative and very satisfying; how and why
should it be stopped?
Regarding the why of the question, I feel it should be curtailed if not stopped
because, if the best go out, what are the prospects of development in our own
country? For this, again, we, ourselves, are to blame. If we make the atmosphere
healthier for good work, I feel at least some of the brains may stay back in India.
With all their expertise going out, we have to accept that India is at a loss, but we
cannot blame the people going out as, who do not want to improve
their standard of life.
The fact of their going out does, on the face of it appear to be
unfair to India for, when we have the know-how, the expertise, why should we not
reap the benefit of it all; however, to take this advantage of the brains, we
have to do something to lure them to stay within, for which I daresay, India has
to do a lot of work.
The solution is not simply regarding how this brain drain can be stopped, but it is not impossible. The Government must see that the working environment and appreciation be given to exemplary work.
The pay packets can also be enhanced to attract at least a few brains who may be less ambitious and patriotic. For, I believe that several brains
may prefer to stay back in India if the requisite changes are made for them in the
the entire system of working patterns.
Thus, to prevent a brain drain from India, it is not sufficient to just shout about it and make an issue of it. We must work towards the goal of providing them with at least the near amenities to them as what they would get in any of the foreign lands they may choose to go to. If we try this, we may succeed in holding back at least a few of them from helping us to develop India.
The brain drain may be causing concern to us as the best of our Indian brains go
out of the country. However, there is not only a black cloud of missing out on our
best but there is also a silver lining to the drain. The brains that go out of India are by
now such a substantial number that they form a vast community in themselves,
called the Non-Resident Indians.
These goals are a constant source of income for India in terms of foreign exchange. With their remittances home, they contribute substantially to building up the country’s foreign exchange.
Thus, this brain drain is and will continue unless we put a stopper by providing
them with more working facilities at home and giving them more than the other
ordinary brains in terms of pecuniary benefits. As long as we can’t do this for them
or don’t do this for them, the brain drain cannot be stopped, and the best Indians
will continue to find homes abroad.
While they continue to go out, we, the Indians, will have to continue being happy with the fact that they have at least become a force to reckon with, and they get a lot of name and fame.
We have penned down English Essays For Class 10th to improve and enhance the students’ vocabulary and boost their writing skills to attempt questions relating to writing skills. Students will be able to write on various issues and topics promptly hence essay writing topics in English help in improving their brainstorming and flow of original ideas.