The lesson Birth is an extract from “The Citadel “ that talks about Andrew Manson who was just a medical practitioner and graduated from medical school. He helped Susan and Joe to give birth to their child and during all this, he was having a tough time with his beloved Christine.
The Birth About the Author
A.J. Cronin was born on 19 July and he was a Scottish novelist and a physicist. His best-selling novel was The Citadel, which promoted some controversial medical ethics. Through this lesson, he explains and throws light on how a young doctor saved two lives even after being in critical condition. He himself was going through bad times.
Birth Class 11 Central idea
The story is an extract from “The Citadel”, where a doctor has to deal with a difficult case of a mother who has complications in her pregnancy. He tried to save both of them and in mind, he was thinking about his own relationship with his girlfriend. But he overcomes the situation and gives the best treatment to the patient. This lesson throws light upon a doctor’s hard work and determination to save his patient’s life.
The Birth Class 11 Summary
The story starts with a doctor Andrew Manson who has passed out from a medical college and is in a relationship with Christine. She was a school teacher. Andrew had a heated argument with his beloved as he was very outspoken and later on realized this. As soon as he reached his home, Joe was waiting for him anxiously. They were about to have their first child after 20 years of a long marriage. Though it was late at night, he was still ready to perform his duty.
When Joe and Andrew reached Morgan’s house, he found that Susan was in severe condition and a midwife was helping her out. He also took his time to understand the case. He wants to focus on the patient and so he diversifies his mind and thinks about his other friends who were also having disturbed relations with their partners.
After that, he put aside all the things and just wanted to focus on Susan Morgan as she lied under anesthesia. Early in the morning, she delivered a child and soon the doctor noticed that it was lifeless. After a long hour of struggle, he was shocked. Soon he saw that the mother was left unconscious and both of them needed urgent treatment. Now, he was left with the choice as to whom he should attend first.
He chose the mother as she was left unconscious and he injected some medicines. As soon as she gained some strength, Andrew now ordered the nurse to bring some hot and cold water. Andrew scrutinized the child who was pale and lifeless. At first, he was not able to detect that the case was of asphyxia and the child has low oxygen levels in its blood. If he could he can give up on the child, but he did not and with his sheer determination he juggled up the child in hot and cold water.
He knew that it was very important for the couple. He again started by rubbing a towel at the back of the child and also tried to fill some air. After a long hour of battle, the little child gave a motion and started breathing. As soon as the child started crying, Andrew heaved a sigh of relief and he felt that he had done something big that day. He soon told Joe that all is well. He told everything related to the complications of the operation to the Morgan’s and left the house with great satisfaction and feeling that he has done a great job.
Birth Class 11 Ncert Solutions
Q1. Who was Joe Morgan? Why had he been waiting for Dr. Andrew Manson?
Joe Morgan worked as a driller and was a big, strong, and heavy middle-aged man. His wife was Susan and they were childless for about 20 years. Now she has been expecting her first child and that too with a lot of complications. They had been waiting for Andrews to deliver their first child.
Q2. Where did Joe lead Andrew? Why did he not go in with the doctor?
Joe Morgan led him to his house at Blaine Terrace. His wife Susan was about to deliver his first child after 20 years. Joe was in tension and refused to go out.
Q3. “Don’t fret, mother, I’ll not run away”. Why do you think Andrew says so?
She thought as there was a period of waiting so she offered him tea so that he could not run away.
Q4. Why did Andrew decide to remain there until everything was over?
Andrew reached Bryngower and was feeling restless and sleepy as it was a late at night. He was also upset and secondly, the case he was going to attend needed more attention and patience.
Q5. What was Andrew’s view of marriage? Why was he resentful and confused?
For Andrew marriage seemed to be more peaceful and cheerful. He was in love with Christine, a school teacher. He was in conflict between his steady mind and overflowing emotions.
Q6. What dilemma did Andrew face?
His heart was in the child and he wants to save him at any cost. But first, he chose the mother to be treated first as she was lying unconscious on the bed. He faced
Q7. How did Andrew’s practical experience come in handy?
Andrew had once seen a similar case in the samaritan and so he knew how to deal here and used that same therapy with his patient. So, he ordered the midwife to bring hot and cold water and juggled up the child and after that rubbed the child’s back with a towel.
Q8. What efforts did Andrew make to revive the newborn baby?
He laid a blanket and was as soon as he came to know that the case was of low oxygen level. He tried to juggle the child in both hot and cold water simultaneously. He rubbed his back and filled the air and soon the child was breathing and crying. The child was now not a lifeless body.
Q9. What impression do you form of Andrew Manson on the basis of the story ‘Birth’?
Andrew Manson was a young medical practitioner who had just completed college. He was assistant to Dr. Edward Page and he was in love with a school teacher, Christine. His heart was overflowing with many emotions and considered marriage as a peaceful and cheerful bond. He was mature enough and kept his personal issues far away and dealt with the patient’s problem.
He knows his responsibility and even after remaining in dilemma for some time, he managed to control and gave the best to save both lives.
He with his hard work and sheer determination saved the child and his mother who was delivering it after 20 long years of marriage. He knew that the child was important to the couple. On the whole, he was a dedicated doctor who managed to keep his personal affairs at far and does whatever he can do.
Q10. What efforts did Andrew make to revive Susan Morgan?
He injected some medicines and worked hard to revive the mother as she was lying helpless and unconscious. Her heart was given some strength to gain and she was breathing softly the next moment.
To sum up, the story was about the dedicated doctor who kept aside his feelings and sour memories of heated arguments with his beloved. He focussed his attention on the mother and reviving her lifeless child. The child was important to the couple as it was being delivered and coming after 20 years of marriage. He with his determination and hard work saved two lives and gain confidence as he had done a great job that day.